25-50 age group falling prey to joint-related ailments due to inactive lifestyle
Joint pain problems are suddenly increasing in young adults. I have seen 30 patients in the last 2-3 months suffering from joint pain problems. It included 60 per cent women and 40 per cent men: Dr Ranjan Burnwal
Mumbai: Joint pain is a common ailment among the elderly, but now it is commonly seen in youngsters. A sedentary Inactive lifestyle is making youngsters in the age group 25-50 years fall prey to joint-related ailments. Regular exercising, eating a well-balanced diet, maintaining a healthy weight, and applying hot and cold therapy can ease joint pain.
“Many youngsters are obese, don’t get enough vitamin D from the sun, and encounter joint pain. The commonest cause of joint pains in today’s youth is deficiency of vitamin D3 and vitamin B12. Calcium is always normal in most of these individuals. Even before starting an exercise routine get a calcium: vitamin D3 and vitamin B12 blood tests. If no deficiency, then no need to supplement. We have been observing every month 4-5 patients between 35 to 50 years.” said Dr Rakesh Nair, consultant knee replacement surgeon at Zen Multispecialty Hospital, Chembur
“Joint pain problems are suddenly increasing in young adults. I have seen 30 patients in the last 2-3 months suffering from Joint pain problems. It included 60 per cent women and 40 per cent men. All these patients were between 25 and 40 years of age. Joint pain is seen due to various reasons such as bursitis (an inflammation or irritation of a bursa sac), viral infections, rash, or fever may make joint movement painful. Injuries like broken bones or sprains, tendinitis (inflammation of the tendons), and hypothyroidism can invite joint pain. Sometimes, joint pain also happens due to the side effects of certain medications,” said Dr Ranjan Burnwal, Orthopedic Surgeon SRV Hospital Chembur.
“To manage joint pain, maintain an optimum weight by eating food fewer in calories, avoiding junk, processed and canned food. Try to include fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet, exercise daily, and use any supplements only after the doctor’s recommendation,” said Dr Nair
Paro: In order to achieve global, regional, and national goals for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases, the South-East Asian region needs to accelerate efforts, said Dr Poonam Khetrapal Singh, Regional Director of WHO South-East Asia Region.
While addressing the seventy-fifth session of the regional committee, Poonam Khetrapal said, “The Region must build on the progress made in the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases. Though trends are in the right direction, we need to accelerate efforts to achieve global, regional, and national goals.”
Notably, non-communicable diseases, including cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory disease and diabetes, account for almost two-thirds of all deaths in the WHO South-East Asian Region. Nearly half of these deaths occurred prematurely between the ages of 30 and 69 years in 2021.
The meeting also noted that continuing high burden of disease and death due to cardiovascular diseases, cancer, diabetes and chronic respiratory diseases, the large number of untreated cases of dental caries and oral health conditions, and challenges in the provision of comprehensive eye care.
The Member countries endorsed the implementation roadmap for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in South-East Asia 2022-2030, two action plans, for oral health in South-East Asia 2022-2030 and the action plan for integrated people centred eye care in South-East Asia 2022-2030 during the ongoing seventy-fifth regional committee session.
The regional NCD implementation roadmap 2022-2030 provides strategic directions to accelerate the national NCD response through the primary health care and universal health coverage routes to improve access, coverage and quality of NCD prevention and control interventions for the achievement of the 2025 and 2030 NCD targets.
Oral diseases are among the most common NCDs in the South-East Asian Region, with cases of untreated dental caries, severe periodontal diseases and edentulism estimated to be more than 900 million in 2019. The South-East Asia Region has the highest oral cancer incidence and mortality rates among all WHO regions. The disease burden also shows strong inequalities with higher prevalence and severity in poor and disadvantaged populations.
The Action Plan for oral health in South-East Asia 2022-2030 provides guidance to member countries to develop impactful national actions to improve oral health through aligned approaches within the ambit of universal health coverage.
The Regional Action Plan for integrated people centred eye care in South-East Asia 2022-2030 aims to provide ‘equitable access to high-quality, comprehensive eye health services to achieve universal eye health by 2030’ and accelerate progress towards achieving the global targets of refractive error and cataract surgery and two Regional targets for diabetic retinopathy and trachoma elimination.
The resolution calls for strengthening policy and legislative frameworks for this purpose, as well as advancing primary health care, universal health coverage, human resources, accountability and quality of national health information systems, and the crucial role of data and information systems at all levels to promote accountability.
“Decisive leadership and political commitment can provide the policy and legislative frameworks needed to integrate high-quality, comprehensive oral health and eye health services in primary health care to achieve the targets,” Dr Singh said.
The countries are committed to accelerating progress against NCDs within the ambit of universal health coverage, adopting and implementing the guidance and tools from the Implementation Roadmap for the prevention and control of non-communicable diseases in South-East Asia 2022-2030.
WHO committed to providing adequate technical support to Member countries in the implementation of the three plans including strengthening the related monitoring and evaluation systems, and collaborating with partners and all stakeholders for aligned and effective implementation of the strategic action plans.